Pétanque is extremely simple, just like horseshoes. There's a target, and you have to
get as close to it as possible.
What makes it so appealing, is that you can be way ahead for a while, yet lose a second
later, or vice versa. Because nothing is decided until the last player plays the very last
boule. If he or she moves the target ball or knocks an opponent ball out of the way, the
layout of the boules - and thus your score - may change dramatically.The Basic Rules
These are illustrated and will get you started in no time at all.The Official Rules
make provision for many different scenarios that can occur during a game.Who can play this game?
The answer is simple: anyone. Age, strength or speed are not important. Advanced players
against beginners? There is always a bit of luck involved, especially on a bumpy terrain,
so neither the beginner, nor the "pro" will get frustrated. Wheelchair
competitions are popular as well. As a matter of fact, pétanque evolved early 1900 from an old French bowl game (la boule Provencale), when one of the old champions,
meanwhile suffering from arthritis and mourning his heydays, suggested there be no more
running and jumping: everyone should throw the boules standing still, feet together, in a
small starting circle. The old champion was back in the game! These days, on many market
places in France, pétanque is played day in, day out. While retirees are in the majority
during weekdays, teenagers and everyone else who wants to unwind for a while will join
them after school or work and on weekends. Meanwhile the news of the day circulates,
sometimes interrupted by heated arguments over the measuring abilities of the other team.
But always in a jovial spirit: after all, if you don't win today, you'll win tomorrow, or
next week or next year. These players are more than friends. One day, their children will play together just like them...
France, especially the Provence, where pétanque originated, has always been a popular
holiday destination, so more and more tourists started to play with the locals, bought
sets and introduced the game back home, in Germany, Great Britain, Holland, Belgium,
Scandinavia, Spain etc.. On the other hand, many French expatriates would pack up a set of
boules when they moved, and the game spread throughout the world.What kind of court is used?
Any surface, with the exception of concrete, asphalt or tiles will do. Best is not too
soft however: on a regular soft sandy beach, for instance, the boules will drop dead,
without rolling any further. But most beaches do have a harder part, e.g. close to the
dunes, which is perfect. Very short grass will do as well. The best is hard soil, like
clearings in the woods, baseball diamonds or an unpaved backyard. Some fine gravel
enhances drainage and makes it more exciting and unpredictable. There are no limits as to
of the court. The generally accepted minimum is 4 meter (12
ft) wide by 12 meter (39 ft) long.
Actually, the word "court" is a misnomer. We use it here because many people
search for that term. Pétanque is by nature a game one can play without a setup, sort of
like frisbee. You could start on one end of a driveway, and end up at the other end, 300
ft further, when you're done. A player can toss a target ball towards a tree, to be in the
shade for the next round, or into a rougher area, because that's his/her favorite
surface, or wherever he/she likes to play. Obviously, if you want to play in your garden,
and your space and /or budget is limited, a rectangle is the logical shape.
But we always like to convince those who are designing a larger playing area not to stick
to - say 6 neat independent rectangles, but rather a plain open area that fits into the
surroundings. A tree here and there makes it so much more enjoyable.
An article on our blog about building "courts".Pétanque vs Bocce
We are often asked what the difference is between bocce, the Italian bowling game and
The difference is right there: traditional bocce is more of a bowling game, whereas
pétanque is more of a tossing game, like horseshoes.
Bocce players take steps before throwing, pétanque players stand still.
Bocce balls are usually rolled palm up, pétanque balls tossed palm down, so they get
backspin upon release.
Pétanque balls are the size of an orange, hollow, and always made of metal.
Bocce balls are larger and solid, about the size of a grapefruit, colored (green & red
are popular), and generally made of resin or wood.
Bocce has different variations as to court size and layout. The court should be smooth and
flat; some rules call for wooden sideboards to make it an enclosed area.
Pétanque can be played on almost any terrain; most players actually prefer an uneven
terrain to make it more challenging.
The counting of points and game tactics are very similar between the two games.
Overall pétanque is more flexible (no need to find a court), and the equipment is easier
to carry around. For the record, there is a variation of bocce ("bocce volo")
where balls are delivered palm down and metal balls are used. The players' run-up in this
one is spectacular, similar to "boule Provencale", the forefather of pétanque.Pointer or shooter??
After a while, most players start to specialize in either "pointing" or
To point means to close in on the aim ball with precision, and to place your boule in a
tactical position. This is commonly achieved by lobbing the boule. After hitting the
ground, it will roll the remaining feet and inches.
A shooter on the other hand will directly aim for an opponent boule to knock it out. When
hit accurately, the arriving boule will actually replace the other one. It's a spectacular
sight, and known as a "carreau", the perfect shot. In triplettes (teams of 3
players) one will generally also find an all-round player ("milieu"), who is
good in both pointing and shooting. His/her skills we be called upon when one of the other
two players is out of boules.
Where does the word "petanque" come from ??
As explained above, one should keep both feet fixed when throwing a boule. No
In Provencal language, that's called "pieds tanqués", from the verb
"tanquer" i.e. to anchor or tie down. This marked the difference with existing
bowl games in Provence, like "boule Provencale" and "boule Lyonnaise"
where one takes a number of steps prior to throwing the boules.